The Daughter Of The Holy Prophet Fatimah Az-Zahra' (Peace be on her)
Father's name: Muhammad ibn `Abdillah.
Mother's name: Khadijah bint Khuwaylid.
Birth: Born in Mecca on Friday, 20th Jumadaíth-thaniyah
in the fifth year after the declaration of the Prophethood (615
Death: Died at the age of 18 in Medina on 14th Jumadi'l-ula 11
AH (632 AD);
buried in the graveyard called Jannatu'l-Baqi' in Medina.
Hadrat Fatimah did not
survive more than seventy-five days after the demise of her father.
She breathed her last on the 14th Jumdi'1-ula 11 AH. Before her demise
she bequeathed the following as her will to Imam `Ali:
1. O Ali, you will personally perform my funeral rites.
2. Those who have displeased me should not be allowed to attend my funeral.
3. My corpse should be carried to the graveyard at night.
Thus Imam `Ali, in compliance
with her will, performed all the funeral rites and accompanied exclusively
by her relatives and sons carried her at night to Jannatu'l-Baqi `,
where she was laid to rest and her wishes fulfilled.
The Holy Prophet said:
Whoever injures (bodily or sentimentally) Fatimah, injures me; and whoever
injures me injures Allah; and whoever injures Allah practises unbelief.
O Fatimah! If your wrath is incurred, it incurs the wrath of Allah;
and if you are happy, it makes Allah happy too.
The death of the Apostle,
affected her very much and she was very sad and grief-stricken and wept
her heart out crying all the time. Unfortunately, after the death of
the Prophet, the Government confiscated her famous land of Fadak and
gave it to the State. Fatimah was pushed behind her home door (when
they attacked the house of `Ali and took him to force him accept the
caliphate of Abu Bakr), so that the child, she was carrying was hurt
and the baby boy Muhsin was still born. Her house was set on fire by
The tragedy of her father's
death and the unkindness of her father's followers, were too much for
the good, gentle and sensitive lady and she breathed her last on l4th
Jumadiíl-ula 11 AH, exactly seventy-five days after the death of her
father, the Holy Prophet of Islam.
Fatimah died in the
prime of her life at the age of eighteen, and was buried in Jannatu'l-Baqi',
* * * * *
Allah has made faith
(Iman) [the means] to purify one from polytheism (shirk); and [made]
prayer (salat) to guard one from arrogance; and [prescribed] alms (zakat)
to chasten one's self and increase one's sustenance; and [prescribed]
the fast (sawm) to strengthen sincere devotion [to Allah] ; and [prescribed]
the pilgrimage (hajj) to elevate the religion (din); and [enjoined]
justice (adl) to harmonize the hearts; and [ enjoined ] obedience to
us (Ahlu'l-bayt) to organize the Islamic community (millah); and our
Leadership (imamah) as a trust to avoid disunity; and [prescribed] holy
war (jihad) to honour Islam and denounce the unbelievers and hypocrites;
and the bidding of good (amr bi'1 ma'ruf) and forbidding of evil (nahy
ani'l-munkar) for the benefit of the people in general; and kindness
to parents as a shield against the anger [of Allah] ; and strengthening
one's ties with near kin to prolong [one's] life: .. . and the forbiddance
of alcoholic drink to guard one from filth; and Allah has prohibited
polytheism for the sincere devotion to His Divinity; so [O you who believe!]
fear Allah as you should, and [see that] you die not but as Muslims
[3:102]. (An excerpt from a lengthy speech delivered at the Mosque of
the Prophet [at Medina] in defence of her right of inheritance).
A Brief History of The Fourteen Infallibles
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